Retrospective Study of Preoperative Laser Peripheral Iridotomy Versus Intraoperative Surgical Peripheral Iridectomy in Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty

Nichelle Warren, Lucy Sun, Soroosh Behshad, Joung Kim, Praneetha Thulasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose:The aim of this study was to examine the outcomes of laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) and surgical peripheral iridectomy (SPI) for Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) and DMEK with cataract extraction (triple DMEK).Methods:This retrospective interventional study included 135 eyes of 135 patients who underwent DMEK alone or triple DMEK. Primary outcomes were graft detachments necessitating rebubbling, repeat grafts, and pupillary block. The secondary outcomes included rejection, cystoid macular edema, uveitis, intraoperative hyphema, visual disturbances, and surgical time.Results:Thirty-one eyes in the LPI group and 104 eyes in the SPI group were included. Fifty-six eyes had DMEK alone, and 79 had triple DMEK. Visually significant graft detachments occurred in 7 of 31 eyes in the LPI group versus 19 of 104 eyes in the SPI group (P = 0.61). No statistical significance in DMEK alone versus triple DMEK groups (P = 0.61 vs. P > 0.99). Two patients in the LPI group and 5 in the SPI group required regraft (P = 0.66). One (3.2%) experienced pupillary block compared with 5 (4.8%) (P = 0.99) in the LPI and SPI groups, respectively. Secondary outcomes were similar in both groups ranging from 0% to 3% (P > 0.99). None had visual disturbances. In DMEK alone, duration of surgery was significantly shorter in the LPI versus SPI group (32.8 vs. 44.1 minutes, P = 0.02).Conclusions:This study demonstrated similar outcomes between LPI and SPI, although the LPI group had a shorter duration of surgery when DMEK was performed alone. The remainder of the outcomes demonstrated no statistically significant differences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-445
Number of pages3
JournalCornea
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2024

Keywords

  • Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty
  • iridectomy
  • iridotomy
  • pupillary block

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Retrospective Study of Preoperative Laser Peripheral Iridotomy Versus Intraoperative Surgical Peripheral Iridectomy in Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this