Retinoic acid improves incidence and severity of necrotizing enterocolitis by lymphocyte balance restitution and repopulation of lgr5+ intestinal stem cells

Diego F. Nin, Chhinder P. Sodhi, Charlotte E. Egan, Qinjie Zhou, Joyce Lin, Peng Lu, Yukihiro Yamaguchi, Hongpeng Jia, Laura Y. Martin, Misty Good, William B. Fulton, Thomas Prindle, John A. Ozolek, David J. Hackam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most devastating gastrointestinal disease of the premature infant. We have recently shown that NEC development occurs after an increase in proinflammatory CD4+Th17 (Th17) cells and reduced anti-inflammatory forkhead box P3+ regulatory Tcells (Tregs) to the premature small intestine of mice and humans, which can be experimentally reversed in mice by administration of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA). We have also shown that NEC is characterized by apoptosis of Lgr5-positive intestinal stem cells (ISCs-Lgr5+ cells) within the crypts of Lieberku hn, which are subsequently essential for intestinal homeostasis. We now hypothesize that the normal lymphocyte balance within the lamina propria of the intestine can be achieved via administration of ATRA which restores mucosal integrity by preventing the loss of ISCs. Using bothinvivo andinvitro strategies, we now demonstrate that Th17 recruitment and Treg depletion lead to increased apoptosis within ISC niches, significantly impairing proliferative capacity and mucosal healing. ATRA exerted its protective effects by preventing T cell imbalance, ultimately leading to the protection of the ISC pool preventing the development of NEC in mice. These findings raise the exciting possibility that dietary manipulations could prevent and treat NEC by modulating lymphocyte balance and the ISC pool within the newborn small intestine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-32
Number of pages11
JournalShock
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Intestinal stem cells
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis
  • Regulatory T cells
  • Retinoic acid
  • T lymphocyte
  • Th17 cells

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