Response Monitoring in Children With Phenylketonuria

Gabriel C. Araujo, Shawn E. Christ, Robert D. Steiner, Dorothy K. Grange, Binyam Nardos, Robert C. McKinstry, Desirée A. White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phenylketonuria (PKU) is characterized by a disruption in the metabolism of phenylalanine and is associated with dopamine deficiency (Diamond, Prevor, Callender, & Druin, 1997) and cerebral white matter abnormalities (e.g., Anderson et al., 2007). From a neuropsychological perspective, prefrontal dysfunction is thought to underlie the deficits in executive abilities observed in individuals with PKU (Christ, Steiner, Grange, Abrams, & White, 2006; Diamond et al., 1997; White, Nortz, Mandernach, Huntington, & Steiner, 2001, 2002). The purpose of our study was to examine a specific aspect of executive ability, response monitoring, as measured by posterror slowing. The authors examined posterror reaction time (RT) in 24 children with well-controlled, early treated PKU and 25 typically developing control children using a go/no-go task. Results showed that RTs of both controls and children with PKU slowed significantly following the commission of errors. The magnitude of posterror slowing, however, was significantly less for children with PKU. These findings indicate deficient response monitoring in children with PKU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-134
Number of pages5
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

Keywords

  • children
  • development
  • executive abilities
  • phenylketonuria
  • response monitoring

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