Resolvin D1 activates the inflammation resolving response at splenic and ventricular site following myocardial infarction leading to improved ventricular function

Vasundhara Kain, Kevin A. Ingle, Romain A. Colas, Jesmond Dalli, Sumanth D. Prabhu, Charles N. Serhan, Medha Joshi, Ganesh V. Halade

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144 Scopus citations

Abstract

Unresolved inflammation is a major contributor to the development of heart failure following myocardial infarction (MI). Pro-resolving lipid mediators, such as resolvins (e.g. RvD1), are biosynthesized endogenously. The role of RvD1 in resolving post-MI inflammation has not been elucidated due to its unstable nature. Here, we have tested the role for two forms of RvD1, after incorporation into liposomes (Lipo-RvD1) and its free acid form (RvD1) in the left ventricle (LV) and splenic remodeling post-MI. 8 to 12-week old male, C57BL/6J-mice were subjected to coronary artery ligation and Lipo-RvD1 or RvD1 (3μg/kg/day) was injected 3h post-MI for day (d)1 or until d5. No-MI mice and saline-injected MI mice served as controls. RvD1 injected groups showed improved fractional shortening post-MI; preserving transient changes in the splenic reservoir compared to MI-saline. RvD1-groups showed an early exit of neutrophils from LV and spleen at d5 post-MI with an increased expression of lipoxin A4 receptor (ALX; synonym formyl peptide receptor; FPR2) compared to the MI-saline group. The levels of pro-resolving mediators RvD1, RvD2, Maresin 1 (MaR1) and Lipoxin A4 (LXA4) were increased in spleens from RvD1 injected mice at d5 post-MI. RvD1 administration reduced macrophage density, ccr5 and cxcl5 levels at d5 post-MI compared to saline injected mice (both, p<0.05). Increased transcripts of mrc-1, arg-1 and Ym-1 (all, p<0.05) suggest macrophage-mediated clearance of necrotic cells in RvD1-groups. RvD1 reduced the pro-fibrotic genes (colla1, coll2a1 and tnc (all; p<0.05)) and decreased collagen deposition, thereby reducing post-MI fibrosis and thus stabilizing the extracellular matrix. In summary, RvD1 and Lipo-RvD1 promote the resolution of acute inflammation initiated by MI, thereby delaying the onset of heart failure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-35
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume84
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • Metabololipidomics
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Neutrophils
  • Resolution of inflammation
  • Resolvin D1
  • Splenic remodeling

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