Resolution enhanced T 1-insensitive steady-state imaging

Jamal J. Derakhshan, Sherif G. Nour, Jeffrey L. Sunshine, Mark A. Griswold, Jeffrey L. Duerk

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3 Scopus citations


Resolution enhanced T 1-insensitive steady-state imaging (RE-TOSSI) is a new MRI pulse sequence for the generation of rapid T 2 contrast with high spatial resolution. TOSSI provides T 2 contrast by using nonequally spaced inversion pulses throughout a balanced steady-state free precession (SSFP) acquisition. In RE-TOSSI, these energy and time intensive adiabatic inversion pulses and associated magnetization preparation are removed from TOSSI after acquisition of the data around the center of k-space. Magnetization evolution simulations demonstrate T 2 contrast in TOSSI as well as reduction in the widening of the point spread function width (by up to a factor of 4) to a near ideal case for RE-TOSSI. Phantom experimentation is used to characterize and compare the contrast and spatial resolution properties of TOSSI, RE-TOSSI, balanced SSFP, Half-Fourier Acquisition Single-Shot Turbo Spin Echo (HASTE), and turbo spin echo and to optimize the fraction of k-space acquired using TOSSI. Comparison images in the abdomen and brain demonstrate similar contrast and improved spatial resolution in RE-TOSSI compared with TOSSI; comparison balanced SSFP, HASTE, and turbo spin echo images are provided. RE-TOSSI is capable of providing high spatial resolution T 2-weighted images in 1 s or less per image. Magn Reson Med, 2012. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-429
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • T contrast
  • pulse sequence
  • rapid imaging
  • spatial resolution

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    Derakhshan, J. J., Nour, S. G., Sunshine, J. L., Griswold, M. A., & Duerk, J. L. (2012). Resolution enhanced T 1-insensitive steady-state imaging. Magnetic resonance in medicine, 68(2), 421-429.