Resistant starch does not affect zinc homeostasis in rural Malawian children

Thaddaeus May, Claire Westcott, Chrissie Thakwalakwa, M. Isabel Ordiz, Ken Maleta, Jamie Westcott, Kelsey Ryan, K. Michael Hambidge, Leland V. Miller, Graeme Young, Elissa Mortimer, Mark J. Manary, Nancy F. Krebs

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study tested the hypothesis that Malawian children at risk for zinc deficiency will have reduced endogenous fecal zinc (EFZ) and increased net absorbed zinc (NAZ) following the addition of high amylose maize resistant starch (RS) to their diet. Methods: This was a small controlled clinical trial to determine the effects of added dietary RS on zinc homeostasis among 17 stunted children, aged 3-5 years consuming a plant-based diet and at risk for perturbed zinc homeostasis. Dual zinc stable isotope studies were performed before and after 28 d of intervention with RS, so that each child served as their own control. The RS was incorporated into fried wheat flour dough and given under direct observation twice daily for 28 d. Changes in zinc homeostatic measures were compared using paired Student's t-tests and linear regression analysis. Results: Children had a mean height-for-age Z-score of -3.3, and consumed animal source foods ≤twice per month. Their habitual diet contained a phytate:zinc molar ratio of 34:1. Children avidly consumed the RS without complaints. EFZ was 0.8. ±. 0.4. mg/d (mean. ±. SD) both before and after the intervention. Fractional absorption of zinc was 0.38. ±. 0.08 and 0.35. ±. 0.06 before and after the RS intervention respectively. NAZ was 1.1. ±. 0.5 and 0.6. ±. 0.7 before and after the RS intervention. This reduction of NAZ corresponded with diminished dietary zinc intake on the study day following intervention with RS. Regression analysis indicated no change in zinc absorption relative to dietary intake as a result of the RS intervention. Conclusion: Consumption of RS did not improve zinc homeostasis in rural African children without zinc deficiency. RS was well tolerated in this setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-48
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
Volume30
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Endogenous zinc
  • Malawi
  • Resistant starch
  • Zinc
  • Zinc homeostasis

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    May, T., Westcott, C., Thakwalakwa, C., Ordiz, M. I., Maleta, K., Westcott, J., Ryan, K., Hambidge, K. M., Miller, L. V., Young, G., Mortimer, E., Manary, M. J., & Krebs, N. F. (2015). Resistant starch does not affect zinc homeostasis in rural Malawian children. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 30, 43-48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2015.01.005