Over activation of CD4+ T cells in the peripheral blood and airway tissues is characteristic of asthma; therefore, we investigated whether activated T cells from asthmatic subjects have altered apoptotic potential through the Fas death receptor. We found that mitogen-stimulated peripheral blood T cells of asthmatic subjects expressed cell surface Fas, but failed to undergo the normal degree of apoptosis after Fas receptor ligation. T cells from asthmatics exhibited normal apoptotic responses to γ-irradiation (dependent on IL-1 converting enzyme family proteases), ceramide, and mitogen challenge, suggesting functional integrity of the apoptotic pathway. Furthermore, the defect in Fas-dependent apoptosis was overcome by prestimulation with allogeneic accessory cells instead of mitogen. Taken together, the findings suggest that selective resistance to Fas-dependent apoptosis reflects altered Ag-driven, accessory cell-dependent signaling and that ineffective activation of Fas signal transduction may contribute to T cell-dependent immunoinflammation in asthma.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Feb 1 1999|