Apolipoprotein B (apoB) mRNA editing is a posttranscriptional cytidine deamination involving several protein factor(s), one of which has recently been cloned. We have examined the effects of alterations in cellular cholesterol flux in the rat liver and small intestine as a means of dissecting the physiologic mechanisms regulating apoB mRNA editing, both in vivo and in isolated S-100 extracts. Hepatic cholesteryl ester accumulation was produced by feeding rats a high cholesterol diet, alone, or in combination with either ethinyl estradiol treatment, or after induction of hypothyroidism. Endogenous hepatic apoB mRNA editing decreased in parallel with the increase in cellular cholesteryl ester content (r = -0.948, P < 0.001). None of these conditions altered endogenous intestinal apoB mRNA editing. Hepatic S-100 extracts demonstrated decreased in vitro apoB mRNA editing activity, in parallel with the changes observed in vivo. By contrast, the activity of intestinal S-100 extracts demonstrated a paradoxical increase in hypothyroid rats and a similar, paradoxical decrease in hyperthyroid rats, when compared to controls. Hepatic REPR mRNA, quantitated by RNase protection assay, showed a 25-50% decrease in cholesterol-fed rats. The editing activity of hepatic S-100 extracts prepared from cholesterol-fed, hypothyroid rats was restored to control levels with REPR supplementation but not with chicken intestinal S-100 extracts, suggesting that changes in REPR, but not complementation activity, may play a critical role in the regulation of apoB mRNA editing in rat liver. By contrast, the editing activity of intestinal S- 100 extracts prepared from hyperthyroid animals was unaltered by supplementation with REPR, but was restored to control levels after the addition of chicken intestinal S-100 extracts. Taken together, the data suggest that tissue-specific factors regulate apoB mRNA editing in the rat and that the complex interplay of REPR and complementation factor(s) may be modulated in response to alterations in cholesterol flux, in vivo.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Journal of lipid research|
|State||Published - 1994|
- small intestinal and hepatic lipoprotein assembly