Repetitive motion injuries have presented clinicians with a significant challenge over the past two and a half decades. Acceptable treatment of inflammatory disorders is well established, but compressive neuropathies and nonspecific complaints of numbness, tingling, and discomfort in the upper extremity present vexing dilemmas. Current research and experience point to multilevel problems, including posturally induced muscular imbalance. Although surgical solutions to these problems are sometimes indicated, conservative approaches successfully treat many individuals and have narrowed the scope and indications for surgical intervention. These approaches include ergonomic changes at the workstation, postural changes, and muscle stretching and strengthening to correct imbalance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalAnnual review of medicine
StatePublished - 1995


  • Carpal tunnel
  • Cumulative trauma
  • Double crush
  • Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
  • Thoracic outlet syndrome


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