Repetition learning of vibrotactile temporal sequences: An fMRI study in blind and sighted individuals

Harold Burton, Alvin Agato, Robert J. Sinclair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present fMRI study examined cortical activity to repeated vibrotactile sequences in 11 early blind and 11 sighted participants. All participants performed with > 90% accuracy and showed practice induced improvement with faster reaction times in identifying matched and unmatched vibrotactile sequences. In blind only, occipital/temporal and parietal/somatosensory cortices showed practice induced reductions in positive BOLD amplitudes that possibly reflected repetition induced learning effects. The significant findings in occipital cortex of the blind indicated that perceptual processing of tactile inputs in visually deprived cortex is dynamic as response amplitudes changed with practice. Thus, stimulus processing became more efficient. It was hypothesized that the changes in occipital cortex of the blind reflected life-long skill in processing somatosensory inputs. Both groups showed activity reductions with practice in mid/posterior ventrolateral prefrontal cortex. These activity reductions suggested common stimulus-response learning associations for vibrotactile sequences in mid/posterior ventrolateral prefrontal cortex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-79
Number of pages11
JournalBrain Research
Volume1433
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 18 2012

Keywords

  • Blindness
  • Human occipital cortex
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Touch

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