Reperfusion ventricular tachyarrhythmias: Correlation with antecedent coronary artery occlusion tachyarrhythmias and duration of myocardial ischemia

C. William Balke, Elieser Kaplinsky, Eric L. Michelson, Masahito Naito, Leonard S. Dreifus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

116 Scopus citations

Abstract

The incidence and severity of reperfusion ventricular tachyarrhythmias were correlated with: (1) the duration of antecedent acute coronary artery occlusion and (2) the incidence, severity, and time course of ventricular tachyarrhythmias occurring during the antecedent period of coronary occlusion in 98 dogs studied postligation for 5 to 60 minutes. The incidence of reperfusion ventricular fibrillation (VF) increased significantly as coronary artery ligation periods were lengthened from 5 minutes to either 20 minutes (2 of 19 dogs vs 12 of 18 dogs, p < 0.001) or 30 minutes (16 of 24, p < 0.001), but notably decreased when reperfusion was delayed further from 30 minutes to 60 minutes after coronary artery ligation (4 of 18 dogs, p < 0.001). Seven dogs were resuscitated from VF during coronary ligation and all seven suffered VF on reperfusion, whereas 37 dogs were arrhythmia-free during ligation and only one (3%, p < 0.001) had VF on reperfusion, in addition, reperfusion ventricular tachyarrhythmias correlated with the occurrence of both immediate ventricular tachyarrhythmias (those peaking at 5 to 6 minutes postligation) and delayed ventricular tachyarrhythmias (those peaking at 18 minutes' postligation) of the antecedent acute ligation period. These observations provide a further basis for improved clinical understanding and management of potentially malignant tachyarrhythmias consequent to early myocardial reperfusion following acute myocardial ischemia and infarction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)449-456
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume101
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1981
Externally publishedYes

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