Purpose: Optimal management of isolated local recurrences after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for early non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unknown and literature describing repeat SBRT for in-field recurrences after initial SBRT are sparse. We investigate the safety and efficacy of salvage SBRT for isolated local failures after initial SBRT for NSCLC. Methods/Materials: Patients receiving SBRT for isolated local recurrence after initial SBRT for early NSCLC were identified using a prospective registry. Both courses were 3–5 fractions with a biologically effective dose (BED10) of ≥100 Gy. Local failure was defined as within 1 cm of the initial planning target volume (PTV) or an overlap of the ≥25% isodose lines of the first and second treatments. Failures >1 cm beyond the PTV and without ≥25% overlap, or with additional recurrence sites were excluded. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate survival. Results: A total 21 patients receiving salvage SBRT from 2008 to 2017 were identified. Median interval from initial SBRT to salvage SBRT was 23 months (7–52). Six patients (29%) had central tumors. Median follow-up time from salvage SBRT was 24 months (3–60). Median overall survival after salvage was 39 months. After reirradiation, two-year primary tumor control was 81%, regional nodal control was 89%, distant control was 75% and overall survival was 68%. Grade 2 pneumonitis occurred in 2 patients (10%) and grade 2 chest wall toxicity in 4 patients (19%). No grade 3+ toxicity was observed. Conclusions: Salvage SBRT for isolated local failures after initial SBRT appears safe, with low treatment-related toxicity and encouraging rates of tumor control.
- Local failure
- Lung cancer
- Stereotactic body radiation therapy