Renal and Urologic Emergencies in the HIV-infected Patient

Stephen Y. Liang, E. Turner Overton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antiretroviral therapy has revolutionized the care of individuals infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and has fundamentally altered the scope of the disease. Acute renal failure and chronic kidney disease from medication toxicity and comorbid noninfectious illnesses are just as likely today as end-organ injury from the virus itself. Chronic immunosuppression renders HIV-infected patients vulnerable to any of several unique urological infections not frequently seen in immunocompetent patients. A deeper understanding of renal and urological emergencies in the context of the HIV-infected patient will better prepare the emergency physician to render optimal care to this rapidly expanding and aging patient population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-354
Number of pages12
JournalEmergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Acute renal failure
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Urologic emergencies

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