Reliability of self-reported Antisocial Personality Disorder symptoms among substance abusers

Linda B. Cottler, Wilson M. Compton, T. Andrew Ridenour, Arbi Ben Abdallah, Tim Gallagher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is estimated that from 20 to 60% of substance abusers meet criteria for Antisocial Personality Disorder (APD). An accurate and reliable diagnosis is important because persons meeting criteria for APD, by the nature of their disorder, are less likely to change behaviors and more likely to relapse to both substance abuse and high risk behaviors. To understand more about the reliability of the disorder and symptoms of APD, the Diagnostic Interview Schedule Version III-R (DIS) was administered to 453 substance abusers ascertained from treatment programs and from the general population (St Louis Epidemiological Catchment Area (ECA) follow-up study). Estimates of the 1 week, test-retest reliability for the childhood conduct disorder criterion, the adult antisocial behavior criterion, and APD diagnosis fell in the good agreement range, as measured by κ. The internal consistency of these DIS symptoms was adequate to acceptable. Individual DIS criteria designed to measure childhood conduct disorder ranged from fair to good for most items: reliability was slightly higher for the adult antisocial behavior symptom items. Finally, self-reported 'liars' were no more unreliable in their reports of their behaviors than 'non-liars'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-199
Number of pages11
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 1998

Keywords

  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Diagnosis
  • Substance abusers

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