Reliability of kinematic measurements of rear-foot motion

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14 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of a video-based, computer-interfaced motion analysis system to provide reliable data. Ten subjects with no significant orthopedic or neurological dysfunction and ranging in age from 22 to 45 years (X̄=29.6, SD=7.8) were tested. Retroreflective markers were placed on the posterior shank and foot of each subject. Footswitches were attached to the plantar forefoot and rear foot. A video camera was placed behind the subject, and video data were collected while the subject walked on a treadmill. One representative gait cycle for each subject was selected and processed 10 times with a video processor and analysis software. Three intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were calculated for variables generated by the analysis software, one for two individual measures and one each for the mean of three and five repeated measures. Except for temporal variables, processing data introduced additional variability into the measurement process, particularly for angular velocity data. Measurement of all variables was highly reliable (ICC values≥.95) when based on the mean of at least three repeated measures. Although a single measure of temporal and angular position variables may be considered reliable, we recommend using a mean of three trials for angular velocity variables. Additional research is needed to determine tester and subject variability and validity of the measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)731-737
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical therapy
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1992


  • Equipment, general
  • Kinesiology/biomechanics, gait analysis
  • Movement

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