BACKGROUND: Opioid use in the management of pain secondary to spinal disorders has grown significantly in the United States. However, preoperative opioid use may complicate recovery in patients undergoing surgical procedures. OBJECTIVE: To test our hypothesis that prolonged preoperative opioid use may lead to poorer patient outcomes following minimally invasive stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) for lumbar degenerative disc disease. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients from a single institution undergoing LLIF between December 2009 and January 2017 was retrospectively analyzed. Patients were categorized according to the presence or absence of prescribed preoperative opioid use for at least 3 mo. Outcomes included the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), visual analog scale (VAS), and Short Form 36 Physical and Mental Summary Scores (SF-36 PCS, SF-36 MCS). RESULTS: Of 107 patients, 57 (53.1%) were prescribed preoperative opioids. There was no significant difference in preoperative ODI, VAS score, SF-36 PCS, or SF-36 MCS between opioid use groups. Mean postoperative ODI was greater in patients with preoperative opioid use at 41.7 ± 16.9 vs 22.2 ± 16.0 (P =.002). Mean postoperative VAS score was greater in patients prescribed preoperative opioids, while magnitude of decrease in VAS score was greater in opioid-naïve patients (P =.001). Postoperative SF-36 PCS was 33.1 ± 10.6 in the opioid use group compared to 43.7 ± 13.1 in the nonuse group (P =.001). CONCLUSION: Following LLIF, patients prescribed preoperative opioids had increased postoperative lumbar pain, disability, and subjective pain.
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2020|
- Lumbar spine
- Stand-Alone Lateral Interbody Fusion