Relationship between angiographic vasospasm, Cerebral blood flow, And cerebral infarction after subarachnoid hemorrhage

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Abstract

Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) and cerebral infarction are major contributors to poor functional recovery after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Cerebral vasospasm, the narrowing of proximal intracranial arteries after SAH, has long been assumed to be the primary cause of DCI, and has therefore been the primary therapeutic target in attempts to diminish disability after SAH. However, emerging evidence has questioned the strength and causality of the relationship between vasospasm and DCI. To address this fundamental question, we performed two parallel studies assessing the relationship between the presence of vasospasm in a vascular territory and both regional reductions in cerebral blood fl ow (CBF) and development of cerebral infarction. In a cohort of SAH patients at high-risk for DCI, we identifi ed regions of hypoperfusion using positron emission tomography (PET) and compared their distribution with territories exhibiting vasospasm on concurrent angiography. We found that regional hypoperfusion was common in the absence of proximal vasospasm and that some patients without any signifi cant vasospasm still could have hypoperfused brain regions. Similarly, our parallel study demonstrated that both patients and brain territories without vasospasm could develop delayed cerebral infarction, and that such vasospasmindependent infarcts account for more than a quarter of the infarct burden from DCI. These fi ndings suggest that other processes, perhaps at a microvascular level, contribute at least part of the burden of DCI and future interventions should also address these other pathophysiologic processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-165
Number of pages5
JournalActa Neurochirurgica, Supplementum
Volume120
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Cerebral infarction
  • Cerebral vasospasm
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage

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