Relation of Cardiorenal Syndrome to Mitral and Tricuspid Regurgitation in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure

Frank F. Seghatol, Kimberly D. Martin, Ayman Haj-Asaad, Min Xie, Sumanth D. Prabhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the role of secondary mitral regurgitation (MR) and tricuspid regurgitation (TR) in the pathogenesis of cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). Worsening renal function in patients with acute decompensated heart failure receiving diuretic therapy is defined as CRS and is related to central venous congestion. The role of secondary MR and TR is not well studied. We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of 80 consecutive patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group 1 (CRS) if creatinine increased >0.3 mg/dl from baseline and group 2 (no CRS) if creatinine remained stable or improved with diuretic therapy. Admission creatinine was higher in group 1 compared with group 2 (1.5 vs 1.2 mg/dl, p = 0.033). The magnitude of MR and TR were higher by both visual assessment (moderate to severe [3+] or severe [4+] MR in 68% of patients in group 1 vs 3% in group 2, p <0.0001; 3+ or 4+ TR in 48% of patients in group 1 vs 10% in group 2, p = 0.0004) and by vena contracta (MR 0.6 ± 0.2 cm in group 1 vs 0.4 ± 0.1 cm in group 2, p <0.0001; TR 0.5 ± 0.2 cm in group 1 vs 0.4 ± 0.2 cm in group 2, p = 0.0013). By using receiver operating characteristic curves, MR and TR were the most sensitive parameters in predicting CRS. In conclusion, renal function on admission and moderate to severe or severe MR and TR are highly predictive of the risk of developing CRS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-104
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume168
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022

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