Reimplantation of the upper lobe bronchus after lower sleeve lobectomy or bilobectomy: Long-term results

Giulio Maurizi, Anna Maria Ciccone, Camilla Vanni, Antonio D'Andrilli, Mohsen Ibrahim, Claudio Andreetti, Cecilia Menna, Simone M. Tierno, Federico Venuta, Erino A. Rendina

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14 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: The advantages of a bronchial sleeve resection are well established. A clear majority of reported cases are of upper lobe sleeve resection. Reimplantation of the upper lobe bronchus after a lower sleeve lobectomy or bilobectomy (the so-called Y-sleeve resection) is infrequent. Related technical peculiarities are the main issues. We present our experience and results in this setting. METHODS: Between 1989 and 2015, we performed 28 Y-sleeve resections of the left lower lobe (n = 18) or right middle and lower lobes (n = 10). The lung-sparing reconstructive operation was performed for non-small-cell lung cancer in 23 cases, for bronchial carcinoid tumour in 4 cases and for a cystic adenoid carcinoma in 1 case. Anastomotic reconstruction was performed by interrupted 4-0 absorbable sutures (monofilament material). RESULTS: All the resections were complete (R0). Postoperative mortality was 3.6%. The rate of major complications was 10.7% (1 myocardial infarction, 1 anastomotic stenosis requiring dilatation and 1 anastomotic fistula). Among the 23 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (18 men and 5 women; mean age 58 ± 12 years), 8 were Stage I, 9 were Stage II and 6 were Stage IIIa. At a mean follow-up of 46 months, the recurrence rate was 32%. There were 2 loco-regional recurrences. No endobronchial or perianastomotic recurrence occurred. The 3- and 5-year overall and disease-free survival rates of patients with non-small-cell lung cancer were 76.3% and 55.1% and 68.7% and 62.9%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A Y-sleeve resection with reimplantation of the upper load bronchus is a technically feasible and oncologically adequate operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1180-1185
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018


  • Lobectomy
  • Lung cancer
  • Sleeve resection


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