We compared the regulation of C3 and factor B synthesis in cord blood and adult monocytes by using techniques for identification and quantification of newly synthesized proteins, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from several Gram-negative organisms, and precursors of LPS. Synthesis of C3 and factor B in cord blooed monocytes was unaffected by lipid A (the active moiety of LPS extracted by thye Westphal procedure). In contrast, adult monocytes increased C3 synthesis by 11.5-fold and factor B synthesis by 3.1-fold in response to LPS. This difference in cord blood monocytes response to LPS was specific in that other LPS-induced monocyte functions (superoxide production and phagocytosis) were stimulated comparably in both cord blood and adult monocytes by LPS. To characterize further this regulatory difference, the roles of LPS precursors, arachidonic acid metabolites, and of factor(s) released by adult monocytes were examined. Precursors of the lipid portion of LPS (lipid X and lipid Y), LPS isolated by trichloroacetic acid extraction, and endotoxin-associated protein (EAP) increased C3 and factor B synthesis in cord blood monocytes. Inhibitors of the lipooxygenase pathway (dexamethasone, ETYA) but not of the cyclooxygenase pathway (indomethacin) abrogated the response of adult monocytes to lipid A and EAP and of cord blood monocytes to lipid A and EAP and of cord blood monocytes to EAP. Finally, co-incubation of adult monocytes and cord blood monocytes in LPS-containing medium resulted in enhancement of C3 and factor B synthesis in cord blood monocytes. These data suggest that the difference in LPS response between cord blood and adult monocytes may result from differences in lipid processing or protein recognition of LPS, differences in the production of lipoxygenase pathway products, and/or one or more regulatory factors. The availability of human mononuclear phagocytes which exhibit distinct differences in biosynthetic responsiveness to LPS should permit investigation of the molecular mechanism(s) by which LPS affects C3 and factor B gene expression.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1986|