Regulation of the biosynthesis of two distinct fatty acid-binding proteins in rat liver and intestine. Influences of sex difference and of clofibrate

N. M. Bass, J. A. Manning, R. K. Ockner, J. I. Gordon, S. Seetharam, D. H. Alpers

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Abstract

Two distinct fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) have been identified in rat intestine, gFABP (15,063 Da) which is confined to intestinal epithelium and hFABP (14,184 Da) which is found in both liver and intestine. We have examined the influence of sex difference and the effect of clofibrate, both of which affect cellular fatty acid metabolism and hFABP levels, on the concentration, and mRNA levels of both hepatic and intestinal FABPs. In the liver, hFABP concentration was approximately 2-fold greater in females and in clofibrate-treated males than in untreated male rats. These differences were not accompanied by changes in the fractional turnover of the polypeptide but rather by parallel increases in hFABP mRNA. In the intestine, the two FABPs exhibited different regulatory responses. Intestinal hFABP turnover was 33% greater in females than in males, whereas mRNA concentration was 50% greater. Thus, unlike hFABP in liver, there was no sex-related difference in the steady-state level of hFABP in intestine. However, clofibrate treatment, similar to its effects in the liver, doubled intestinal hFABP protein and mRNA concentration. In contrast to hFABP, neither gFABP protein nor mRNA concentration were sex-dependent, whereas clofibrate produced only a modest increase in gFABP concentration without significantly changing gFABP mRNA levels. The results indicate that the influence of sex difference and the effect of clofibrate on hepatic fatty acid metabolism are both associated with changes in hFABP synthesis mediated pretranslationally. The differential response of hFABP and gFABP in intestine suggests that these proteins play distinct roles in the cellular metabolism of fatty acids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1432-1436
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume260
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1985

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