Thromboxane A2 (TxA2) is a potent platelet aggregating agent and a necessary intermediate for platelet stimulation by several other platelet agonists. A potentially important means whereby platelet responses to TxA2 could be modified in vivo is regulation of TxA2 receptors and/or effectors by platelet precursor megakaryocytes. We therefore investigated the mechanisms that regulate the response to TxA2 in CHRF-288, a cultured cell line derived from megakaryocytes. Incubation of CHRF-288 with the TxA2 agonist U-44069 resulted in a biexponential 75% decrease in subsequent TxA2 receptor-stimulated, but not thrombin-stimulated, Ca2+ release (half times of 1 and 4.7 h) and a monoexponential 57% decline in TxA2 receptor agonist binding sites (half time of 4.6 h). Desensitization with U-44069 for 24 h increased the proportion of internal TxA2 receptors from 23 to 82% of total receptors. Inhibition of endocytosis with phenylarsine oxide prevented U- 44069-induced receptor downregulation but only partially inhibited desensitization of the Ca2+ response, indicating that internalization of receptors is not an immediate requirement for desensitization but that receptor internalization and degradation are both necessary for maximal desensitization. In summary, CHRF-288 megakaryocytic cells desensitize to TxA2 through incomplete functional uncoupling of receptors from Ca2+ signal transducers and delayed downregulation of TxA2 receptors via accelerated receptor internalization and degradation.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology|
|Issue number||4 31-4|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1992|
- calcium signaling
- homologous desensitization
- thromboxane A receptor