C3b/ C4b receptor (CR1) and membrane cofactor protein (MCP) are integral membrane glycoproteins with factor I-dependent cofactor activity. They bind to C3b, allowing factor I to cleave C3b at two sites (first and second cleavage), which results in the generation of C3bi, a hemolytically inactive form which is a ligand for complement receptor type three (CR3). C3bi is further degraded by factor I and CR1 (third cleavage) to C3dg (a ligand for complement receptor type two, CR2) and C3c. Using two different substrates, fluid-phase C3b and cell-bound C3b, the cleavage of C3b by MCP and factor I was compared to that by CR1 and factor I under various conditions. The optimal pH for the first and second cleavage of either substrate was 6.0 for MCP and 7.5 for CR1. The third cleavage was mediated only by CR1 and factor I, the optimal pH being 8.0. Low ionic conditions enhanced the C3b binding and cofactor activity of both CRl and MCP. The efficiency of binding C3b to CR1 or MCP was maximal at pH 6.2. The isoelectric point (pI) of MCP was acidic (̃4.0), while that of CRl was 6.8. Therefore, compared to CRl, MCP possesses distinct functional profiles relative to C3b-binding and factor I-cofactor activity.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biochemistry|
|State||Published - Feb 1990|