The adaptive response of the small intestine to loss of functional surface area includes enhanced crypt cell proliferation and enterocyte differentiation. To better define the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms, we have cloned rat genes that are specifically regulated in the adaptive gut after 70% small intestinal resection. One of these is the immediate early gene PC4/TIS7. Compared with sham-resected control ileum, PC4/TIS7 mRNA levels in the adaptive remnant ileum were markedly increased at 16 and 48 h but not 1 wk after resection. Greater augmentation of PC4/TIS7 mRNA levels occurred in the ileum compared with the duodenum and proximal jejunum. After resection, the changes in intestinal PC4/TIS7 mRNA levels also exceeded changes in extraintestinal levels. The demonstration by in situ hybridization that villus-associated, but not crypt, cells express PC4/TIS7 mRNA is consistent with a role in regulating cytodifferentiation. The pattern of expression in the Caco-2 cell line is also consistent with such a role. Although the precise function of PC4/TIS7 in adaptation remains unclear, the early and intestine-specific changes in mRNA levels after 70% resection suggest that it might augment the adaptive response by stimulating the production of differentiated enterocytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)G506-G513
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Issue number3 38-3
StatePublished - Sep 1998


  • Caco-2 cells
  • Enterocyte
  • IEC-17 cells
  • IEC-18 cells
  • Intestinal adaptation


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