Regulation of macrophage populations. II. Synthesis and expression of Ia antigens by peritoneal exudate macrophages is a transient event

D. I. Beller, E. R. Unanue

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Abstract

We have evaluated the biosynthesis and surface expression of I-A antigens by peritoneal macrophages and found that both events terminated during the 1st day in culture, in contrast to the undiminished synthesis and expression of H-2K antigens. This pattern was observed regardless of the means by which the macrophages were elicited, but was subject to modulation for a limited period of time in vitro: phagocytic stimuli were able to augment both I-A synthesis and expression. The loss of I-A and the re-expression after phagocytosis were both reflected in the stimulatory capacity of these macrophages in the mixed leukocyte reaction. Moreover, we found that I-A-bearing macrophages were lost from the exudate in vivo after irradiation. Our data suggest that, as in vitro, this phenomenon is due to the transition of individual macrophages from I-A-positive to I-A-negative, and that constant renewal is required to maintain the I-A-bearing subset in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-264
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume126
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1981

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