We have studied the expression of Ia molecules by macrophages from mice with severe combined immunodeficiency (CB-17 scid) that lack demonstrable T cell and B cell functions. CB-17 scid mice had approximately normal numbers of Ia-bearing macrophages in the peritoneal cavity, spleen, and liver. Peritoneal macrophages responded in culture to T cell-derived lymphokines with enhanced expression of Ia molecules. However, unlike immunocompetent controls, SCID mice could not enhance Ia expression in an antigen-specific T cell-dependent manner after secondary challenge in vivo with a conventional protein antigen such as hemocyanin. Further demonstration of their T cell deficiency was the failure of CB-17 scid spleen cells to proliferate and produce IL 2 in response to the T cell mitogen, concanavalin A. Upon infection with Listeria monocytogenes, CB-17 scid mice developed chronically high loads of bacteria, where CB-17 control mice eliminated all viable bacteria and became resistant to secondary infection. However, Listeria-infected CB-17 scid mice did show, in parallel with the CB-17 controls, an unexpected and striking increase of Ia-positive macrophages. These data indicate that induction of Ia expression in macrophages can occur via a mechanism that is independent of mature T cells.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1986|