Regulation of Arf6 and ACAP1 Signaling by the PTB-Domain-Containing Adaptor Protein GULP

Zhong Ma, Zhongzhen Nie, Ruibai Luo, James E E. Casanova, Kodi S. Ravichandran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The GTPase Arf6 regulates multiple cellular processes, including endocytosis, secretion, phagocytosis, cell adhesion, and cell migration [1, 2]. The Arf6-specific GAP ACAP1 is a negative regulator of Arf6-mediated signaling [3-7]. However, regulation of ACAP1- and Arf6-mediated signaling by other cellular proteins is not well understood. GULP/CED-6 is a phosphotyrosine binding (PTB)-domain-containing adaptor protein linked to engulfment of apoptotic cells [8-13] and to cholesterol homeostasis [14]. Here, we identify a novel role for GULP as a positive regulator of Arf6. Knockdown of GULP decreased cellular Arf6-GTP, whereas GULP overexpression increased cellular Arf6-GTP. At the mechanistic level, GULP influenced Arf6 at four levels. First, GULP bound directly to GDP-bound Arf6 via its PTB domain. Second, GULP associated with the Arf6-GAP ACAP1 at endogenous levels. Third, GULP reversed the Arf6-GTP decrease induced by ACAP1, and countered the ACAP1-mediated inhibition of cell migration. Fourth, GULP, ACAP1, and GDP-bound Arf6 were part of a tripartite complex, suggesting sequestration of ACAP1 as one mechanism of GULP action. Taken together, these data identify GULP as a modifier of cellular Arf6-GTP through regulation of ACAP1. Because PTB-domain-containing adaptor proteins influence endocytosis and trafficking of membrane proteins and cell migration [15, 16], our data support a model wherein PTB-domain-containing adaptor proteins regulate Arf family proteins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)722-727
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Biology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 17 2007




Dive into the research topics of 'Regulation of Arf6 and ACAP1 Signaling by the PTB-Domain-Containing Adaptor Protein GULP'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this