Regulation of antigen presentation. II. Anti-Ig and IL-2 induce IL-1 production by murine splenic B cells

C. M. Hawrylowicz, L. M. Duncan, R. C. Fuhlbrigge, E. R. Unanue

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12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Murine splenic B cells did not constitutively express IL-1 activity. After culture with anti-Ig and T cell-conditioned media and then fixation, B cells expressed membrane IL-1 and were able to stimulate growth of the IL-1-dependent T cell clone D10. Expression of membrane IL-1 required stimulation of B cells for 2 days before fixation. Significant IL-1 activity was detectable in freeze-thaw lysates of identical B cell preparations by 12 h. B cells also released IL-1 into the culture media. In situ hybridization studies by using probes to murine IL-1α and IL-1β genes supported these observations. Thus, messenger RNA for IL-1α and IL-1β rose in parallel, were detected between 6 and 24 h of culture, and declined to low levels by 30 h. Despite the presence of mRNA for IL-1α and IL-1β, only IL-1α had functional activity as determined by the use of a mAb to IL-1α. IL-2 was found to be an essential component of the T cell-derived supernatant. Although IL-4 or TNF did not induce significant B cell IL-1 expression, they both caused a modest, but reproducible enhancement when added in combination with IL-2. IFN-γ, by contrast, partially inhibited IL-1 induction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3361-3368
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume142
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1989

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