Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an animal model of multiple sclerosis and is characterized by an infiltrate of predominately T cells and macrophages in the spinal cord and brain. In both the spinal cord and the cerebellum, Th1 cells direct inflammation to antigen-rich white matter tracts, and there is a TNFR1-dependent recruitment of CD11bhi cells in both regions. In the spinal cord, parenchymal invasion, demyelination and clinical symptoms are associated with TNFR1-dependant parenchymal induction (especially astrocytes) of VCAM-1 and CXCL2. None of these events occur in the cerebellum despite the fact that an inflammatory infiltrate accumulates in the perivascular space. Therefore regional specificity in astrocyte responses to inflammatory cytokines may regulate regional parenchymal infiltration and pathogenesis.
- Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
- T cells