REG1A expression is a prognostic marker in colorectal cancer and associated with peritoneal carcinomatosis

Christian Astrosini, Claudia Roeefzaad, Yi Yang Dai, Brian K. Dieckgraefe, Thomas Jöns, Wolfgang Kemmner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

By expression profiling of early staged colon carcinomas, we found regenerating islet-derived 1 alpha (REG1A) to be upregulated in patients with an unfavorable clinical outcome. For validation, REG1A expression was quantified in another colorectal cancer (CRC) patient cohort by Taqman PCR. Aside from tumor and normal tissue from 63 nonpretreated CRC patients, 31 mucosa biopsies from healthy individuals as well as 22 adenomas were included in the investigation. REG1A was significantly upregulated in tumor specimens (p < 0.001) and adenoma (p < 0.01) as compared to normal colorectal tissue. REG1A expression in normal peritumoral tissue in turn proved to be significantly elevated compared to mucosa from healthy individuals (p < 0.01). Determination of REG1A expression might be useful for early tumor diagnosis with a sensitivity of 90.6%, and a specificity of 77.9%. REG1A expression was significantly increased in tumors with peritoneal carcinomatosis (p < 0.01). Moreover, REG1A turned out to be a significant predictor of disease-free survival (p < 0.05). In conclusion, we present evidence that REG1A is a molecular marker of prognostic value and is associated with peritoneal carcinomatosis in CRC. REG1A turned out to be already significantly raised in peritumoral normal tissue compared to mucosa from healthy individuals, suggesting a molecular field effect of secreted REG1A.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-413
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume123
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2008

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis
  • Prognostic factors
  • REG1A

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