ReFacto®1 and Advate®2: A single-dose, randomized, two-period crossover pharmacokinetics study in subjects with haemophilia A

Jorge Di Paola, M. P. Smith, R. Klamroth, P. M. Mannucci, C. Kollmer, J. Feingold, C. Kessler, H. Pollmann, M. Morfini, C. Udata, C. Rothschild, C. Hermans, R. Janco

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Abstract

ReFacto is a recombinant B-domain-deleted, monoclonal antibody-purified, solvent-detergent-treated factor VIII (BDDrFVIII) with no albumin added to the final formulation. Although ReFacto has been shown to be bioequivalent to a plasma-derived FVIII product (Hemophil-M) in a randomized, crossover pharmacokinetic (PK) study, the comparability of ReFacto with the full-length (complete sequence) recombinant FVIII (FLrFVIII, Advate) product has not been previously examined in this manner. The primary objective of this study was to compare the PKs of ReFacto with those of Advate in patients with severe haemophilia A. This was a third-party unblinded, randomized, multicentre, two-period crossover PKs study of ReFacto and Advate in subjects with severe haemophilia A (FVIII:C ≤1%). Blood samples were collected over a 48-h period after i.v. administration of each of the FVIII products. FVIII:C was determined using the chromogenic substrate assay (CSA) in a central laboratory. The plasma FVIII:C PK parameters of ReFacto and Advate were determined using non-compartmental analysis. Bioequivalence was assessed on maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and the area under the plasma concentration vs. time curves (AUCs) using an anova. The two products were judged to be equivalent if the 90%; confidence limits of the ratio of the geometric mean values of Cmax and AUC s fell within the interval of 80-125%. Results from this PKs comparison of two different rFVIII products, using chromogenic substrate assay to measure FVIII:C, showed that ReFacto and Advate are bioequivalent to each other.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)124-130
Number of pages7
JournalHaemophilia
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Advate
  • Bioequivalence
  • Comparative pharmacokinetics
  • Congenital haemophilia A.
  • ReFacto

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    Di Paola, J., Smith, M. P., Klamroth, R., Mannucci, P. M., Kollmer, C., Feingold, J., Kessler, C., Pollmann, H., Morfini, M., Udata, C., Rothschild, C., Hermans, C., & Janco, R. (2007). ReFacto®1 and Advate®2: A single-dose, randomized, two-period crossover pharmacokinetics study in subjects with haemophilia A. Haemophilia, 13(2), 124-130. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2516.2006.01420.x