Reduction of platelet deposition on vascular grafts using an antiplatelet graft coating technique

B. T. Allen, R. E. Sparks, M. J. Welch, N. S. Mason, C. J. Mathias, R. E. Clark

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17 Scopus citations


The systemic use of platelet inhibitors has been shown to improve vascular graft function. In this study a biodegradable coating of polymeric polylactic acid (PLA) containing a microparticulate suspension of aspirin (ASA) 30% by weight, was applied to the lumenal surface of small diameter vascular prostheses to reduce platelet deposition on canine implanted arterial grafts. USCI 4-mm ID Dacron internal velour grafts were used. Coated and contralateral noncoated (control) prostheses were implanted in canine carotid and femoral arteries. Graft performance was assessed by determination of aspirin elution rates, in vivo red cell subtracted 111indium-labeled platelet scans, and post implant platelet aggregation studies. Eighty percent of the aspirin in the coated grafts was released during the first 24 hr of perfusion and approximately 20% of the aspirin remained in grafts after 1 month. In vivo platelet scans documented less platelet deposition on ASA-coated grafts when compared to controls 2 and 24 hr post implant (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, respectively). There was no significant difference in platelet deposition on ASA-coated and control grafts at 2 weeks or 1 month post implant. Post implant platelet aggregation studies indicated systemic platelet inhibition for 4-5 days. It was concluded that aspirin incorporation in a polylactic acid coating applied to 4-mm ID vascular prostheses reduced the platelet affinity of Dacron grafts and exerted a temporary local and systemic platelet inhibiting effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-88
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1984


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