Red cell physiology and signaling relevant to the critical care setting

Ahmed Said, Stephen Rogers, Allan Doctor

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review Oxygen (O2) delivery, the maintenance of which is fundamental to supporting those with critical illness, is a function of blood O2 content and flow. Here, we review red blood cell (RBC) physiology relevant to disordered O2 delivery in the critically ill. Recent findings Flow (rather than content) is the focus of O2 delivery regulation. O2 content is relatively fixed, whereas flow fluctuates by several orders of magnitude. Thus, blood flow volume and distribution vary to maintain coupling between O2 delivery and demand. The trapping, processing and delivery of nitric oxide (NO) by RBCs has emerged as a conserved mechanism through which regional blood flow is linked to biochemical cues of perfusion sufficiency. We will review conventional RBC physiology that influences O2 delivery (O2 affinity & rheology) and introduce a new paradigm for O2 delivery homeostasis based on coordinated gas transport and vascular signaling by RBCs. Summary By coordinating vascular signaling in a fashion that links O2 and NO flux, RBCs couple vessel caliber (and thus blood flow) to O2 need in tissue. Malfunction of this signaling system is implicated in a wide array of pathophysiologies and may be explanatory for the dysoxia frequently encountered in the critical care setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-276
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent opinion in pediatrics
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • O delivery
  • erythrocyte
  • nitric oxide
  • red blood cell

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Red cell physiology and signaling relevant to the critical care setting'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this