Recycling of Golgi glycosyltransferases requires direct binding to coatomer

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The glycosyltransferases of the mammalian Golgi complex must recycle between the stacked cisternae of that organelle to maintain their proper steady-state localization. This trafficking is mediated by COPI-coated vesicles, but how the glycosyltransferases are incorporated into these transport vesicles is poorly understood. Here we show that the N-terminal cytoplasmic tails (N-tails) of a number of cis Golgi glycosyltransferases which share a ϕ-(K/R)-X-L-X-(K/R) sequence bind directly to the δ- and ζ-subunits of COPI. Mutations of this N-tail motif impair binding to the COPI subunits, leading to mislocalization of the transferases to lysosomes. The physiological importance of these interactions is illustrated by mucolipidosis III patients with missense mutations in the N-tail of GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase that cause the transferase to be rapidly degraded in lysosomes. These studies establish that direct binding of the N-tails of mammalian cis Golgi glycosyltransferases with COPI subunits is essential for recycling within the Golgi.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8984-8989
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number36
StatePublished - Sep 4 2018


  • COPI
  • Coatomer
  • Glycosyltransferase
  • Golgi


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