Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection Incidence Rates Decrease in Women with Cystitis Cystica after Treatment with d-Mannose: A Cohort Study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives d-Mannose is a promising nonantibiotic prophylaxis for recurrent urinary tract infection (rUTI). Recurrent UTI is common in postmenopausal women and may be especially prevalent in those with cystitis cystica (CC) lesions found on cystoscopy. Our objectives were to determine whether CC lesions are associated with a higher UTI incidence rate and whether d-mannose reduces this rate in women with CC. Methods This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with rUTI who underwent cystoscopy at our institution (from which CC status was identified) and who were treated with d-mannose as a single agent for UTI prophylaxis. Participants were required to have at least 1 year of follow-up for UTIs both before and after d-mannose initiation to allow for a pre-post comparison. Results Twenty-seven patients were included in the analysis (13 with CC, 14 without CC). Most patients (88.9%) were postmenopausal. Patients with CC had a higher UTI incidence rate than patients without CC (4.69 vs 2.93 UTIs/year before starting d-mannose prophylaxis, P = 0.021). After initiating d-mannose prophylaxis, the UTI incidence rate decreased significantly in patients with CC (rate decrease = 2.23 UTIs/year, P = 0.0028). This decrease was similar in magnitude to that observed in patients without CC (rate decrease = 1.64 UTIs/year, P = 0.0007; P interaction = 0.58). Conclusions Patients with rUTI with CC had more frequent UTI episodes than patients without CC. Patients in both groups had fewer UTI episodes after beginning d-mannose prophylaxis. These findings add to the body of literature supporting d-mannose for the prevention of rUTI in women, including those with CC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E62-E65
JournalFemale Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

Keywords

  • cystitis cystica
  • d-mannose
  • recurrent UTI
  • recurrent urinary tract infection

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection Incidence Rates Decrease in Women with Cystitis Cystica after Treatment with d-Mannose: A Cohort Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this