81 Scopus citations


There is accumulating evidence that delivery of bone marrow cells to sites of ischemia by direct local injection or mobilization into the blood can stimulate angiogenesis. This has stimulated tremendous interest in the translational potential of angiogenic cell population(s) in the bone marrow to mediate therapeutic angiogenesis. However, the mechanisms by which these cells stimulate angiogenesis are unclear. Herein, we show that the inflammatory subset of monocytes is selectively mobilized into blood after surgical induction of hindlimb ischemia in mice and is selectively recruited to ischemic muscle. Adoptive-transfer studies show that delivery of a small number of inflammatory monocytes early (within 48 h) of induction of ischemia results in a marked increase in the local production of MCP-1, which in turn, is associated with a secondary, more robust wave of monocyte recruitment. Studies of mice genetically deficient in MCP-1 or CCR2 indicate that although not required for the early recruitment of monocytes, the secondary wave of monocyte recruitment and subsequent stimulation of angiogenesis are dependent on CCR2 signaling. Collectively, these data suggest a novel role for MCP-1 in the inflammatory, angiogenic response to ischemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)760-768
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008


  • CCR2
  • MCP-1


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