Recruitment methods for intervention research in bereavement-related depression: Five years' experience

Maryann Schlernitzauer, Andrew J. Bierhals, Matthew D. Geary, Holly G. Prigerson, Jacqueline A. Stack, Mark D. Miller, Rona E. Pasternak, Charles F. Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


The authors compared various strategies for recruiting elderly subjects with bereavement-related depression into a randomized clinical trial. Over 5 years, they empaneled 65 patients from a total of 441 subjects screened (14.7%). Response to media advertisements was the single most effective strategy (54% of subjects). Another effective, but labor-intensive, strategy was using letters to bereaved spouses found through newspaper obituaries (14%); another 14% were referred by friends who had seen study advertisements. Information letters to healthcare providers yielded no study participants. Pathways to study participation did not differ as a function of race or gender and did not influence study retention or remission rates. Our experience suggests that successful intake depends on a personal mode of recruitment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-74
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

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