Recommendations for Centers Performing Pediatric Heart Surgery in the United States

Carl L. Backer, David M. Overman, Joseph A. Dearani, Jennifer C. Romano, James S. Tweddell, S. Ram Kumar, Bradley S. Marino, Emile A. Bacha, Robert D.B. Jaquiss, Ali N. Zaidi, Michelle Gurvitz, John M. Costello, Trudy A. Pierick, William J. Ravekes, James A. Reagor, James D. St. Louis, James Spaeth, William T. Mahle, Andrew Y. Shin, Keila N. LopezTara Karamlou, Karl F. Welke, Roosevelt Bryant, S. Adil Husain, Jonathan M. Chen, Aditya Kaza, Winfield J. Wells, Andrew C. Glatz, Mitchell I. Cohen, Doff B. McElhinney, David A. Parra, Sara K. Pasquali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Care and outcomes for the more than 40,000 patients undergoing pediatric and congenital heart surgery in the United States annually are known to vary widely. While consensus recommendations have been published across numerous fields as one mechanism to promote a high level of care delivery across centers, it has been more than two decades since the last pediatric heart surgery recommendations were published in the United States. More recent guidance is lacking, and collaborative efforts involving the many disciplines engaged in caring for these children have not been undertaken to date. The present initiative brings together professional societies spanning numerous care domains and congenital cardiac surgeons, pediatric cardiologists, nursing, and other healthcare professionals from diverse programs around the country to develop consensus recommendations for United States centers. The focus of this initial work is on pediatric heart surgery, and it is recommended that future efforts focus in detail on the adult congenital population. We describe the background, rationale, and methodology related to this collaborative effort, and recommendations put forth for Essential Care Centers (essential services necessary for any program), and Comprehensive Care Centers (services to optimize comprehensive and high-complexity care), encompassing structure, process, and outcome metrics across 14 domains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)871-907
Number of pages37
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2023


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