Components of the airspace-lining material may contribute to the local regulation of immune function within the lung. We report here that recombinant rat pulmonary surfactant-associated protein D (SP-D) inhibits the lectin- and anti-CD3-stimulated proliferation of human PBMCs. Inhibition was associated with a decreased production of IL-2, and the addition of human rIL-2 blocked the inhibitory action of SP-D. These effects were not inhibited by maltose, indicating that the inhibitory activity was not dependent upon the lectin activity of SP-D. Studies employing mutant SP-D lacking N-linked sugars or defective in multimerization further indicated that inhibition was not dependent upon cellular interactions with the N-linked oligosaccharide on SP-D or the oligomerization of trimeric SP-D subunits. Although a peptide containing an inverted DGR showed similar IL-2-dependent effects on anti- CD3-stimulated proliferation, deletion of the conserved DGRDGR sequence near the amino-terminal end of the collagen domain did not decrease the suppressive activity of SP-D. We hypothesize that SP-D can dampen lymphocyte responses to exogenous stimuli and protect the lung against collateral immune-mediated damage.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Nov 1 1998|