Recent Trends in Screening Breast MRI

Michelle V. Lee, Shani Aharon, Kevin Kim, Katerina Sunn Konstantinoff, Catherine M. Appleton, Dustin Stwalley, Margaret A. Olsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Objective: The objective of this study was to assess trends in screening breast MRI utilization among privately insured women in the U.S. from 2007 to 2017. Methods: The utilization of screening breast MRI among women aged 25-64 years from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2017, was obtained using the MarketScan Commercial Database. We used Current Procedural Terminology codes to exclude breast MRI exams performed in women with a new breast cancer diagnosis and in women imaged to assess response to neoadjuvant therapy in the preceding 90 days. During the 11-year study, 351 763 study-eligible women underwent 488 852 MRI scans. Results: An overall 55.0% increase in screening breast MRI utilization was observed over the study period, with a steadily increasing trend. The greatest annual increase in percent utilization was from 2007 to 2008 at 16.6%. The highest utilization rate was in 2017, in which 0.4% of women aged 25-64 years underwent screening breast MRI. Of the women who underwent screening MRI with sufficient follow-up, 76.5% underwent only one examination during the study period. Conclusion: Utilization of screening breast MRI has increased steadily in the past decade to a peak of 0.4% of adult women. However, an estimated 9% of U.S. women are eligible for high-risk breast MRI screening; thus, utilization falls short of optimal compliance. Further studies to evaluate the barriers to screening compliance may help optimize utilization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Breast Imaging
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • breast MRI
  • breast cancer screening
  • high risk


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