Recurrent cystitis is a common clinical entity that is becoming increasingly challenging to manage. The current thought regarding the pathogenesis of these infections is evolving as new data emerges to suggest that some recurrences may originate from previously unrecognized reservoirs of uropathogenic Escherichia coli. This article will summarize recent conceptual changes with respect to the aetiology of recurrent urinary tract infections, particularly as it relates to chronic bacterial persistence in the bladder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-460
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2002


  • Escherichia coli
  • Pathogenesis
  • Urinary tract infections


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