Reactive brominating species produced by myeloperoxidase target the vinyl ether bond of plasmalogens. Disparate utilization of sodium halides in the production of α-halo fatty aldehydes

Carolyn J. Albert, Jan R. Crowley, Fong Fu Hsu, Arun K. Thukkani, David A. Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plasmalogens are a phospholipid molecular subclass that are enriched in the plasma membrane of many mammalian cells. The present study demonstrates that reactive brominating species produced by myeloperoxidase, as well as activated neutrophils, attack the vinyl ether bond of plasmalogens. Reactive brominating species produced by myeloperoxidase target the vinyl ether bond of plasmalogens, resulting in the production of a neutral lipid and lysophosphatidylcholine. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and proton NMR analyses of this neutral lipid demonstrated that it was 2-bromohexadecanal (2-BrHDA). In comparison to myeloperoxidase-generated reactive chlorinating species, reactive brominating species attacked the plasmalogen vinyl ether bond at neutral pH. In the presence of a 20-fold molar excess of NaCl compared with NaBr, myeloperoxidase-derived reactive halogenating species favored the production of 2-BrHDA over that of 2-chlorohexadecanal. Additionally, 2-BrHDA was preferentially produced from plasmalogen treated with hypochlorous acid in the presence of NaBr. The potential physiological significance of this pathway was suggested by the demonstration that both 2-BrHDA and 2-bromooctadecanal were produced by PMA-stimulated neutrophils. Taken together, the present studies demonstrate the targeting of the vinyl ether bond of plasmalogens by the reactive brominating species produced by myeloperoxidase and by activated neutrophils, resulting in the production of novel brominated fatty aldehydes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4694-4703
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2002

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