Rationale of using the dual chemokine receptor CCR2/CCR5 inhibitor cenicriviroc for the treatment of COVID-19

Daniel Clark Files, Frank Tacke, Alexandra O’Sullivan, Patrick Dorr, William G. Ferguson, William G. Powderly

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

AU Coronavirus: Pleaseconfirmthatallheadinglevelsarerepresentedcorrectly Disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by Severe Acute : Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has created a global pandemic infecting over 230 million people and costing millions of lives. Therapies to attenuate severe disease are desperately needed. Cenicriviroc (CVC), a C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5) and C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2) antagonist, an agent previously studied in advanced clinical trials for patients with HIV or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), may have the potential to reduce respiratory and cardiovascular organ failures related to COVID-19. Inhibiting the CCR2 and CCR5 pathways could attenuate or prevent inflammation or fibrosis in both early and late stages of the disease and improve outcomes of COVID-19. Clinical trials using CVC either in addition to standard of care (SoC; e.g., dexamethasone) or in combination with other investigational agents in patients with COVID-19 are currently ongoing. These trials intend to leverage the anti-inflammatory actions of CVC for ameliorating the clinical course of COVID-19 and prevent complications. This article reviews the literature surrounding the CCR2 and CCR5 pathways, their proposed role in COVID-19, and the potential role of CVC to improve outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1010547
JournalPLoS pathogens
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

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