Rate and Risk Factors for Contralateral Slippage in Adolescents Treated for Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis: A Comprehensive Analysis of 3,528 Cases

David Momtaz, Peyman Mirghaderi, Rishi Gonuguntla, Aaron Singh, Mehul Mittal, Andres Burbano, Pooya Hosseinzadeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background:After a unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), the contralateral hip is at risk for a subsequent SCFE. However, further information with regard to risk factors involved in the development of contralateral SCFE must be investigated. The purpose of this study was to report the rate and risk factors for subsequent contralateral SCFE in adolescents treated for unilateral SCFE by exploring a mix of known and potential risk factors.Methods:A case-control study utilizing aggregated multi-institutional electronic medical record data between January 2003 and March 2023 was conducted. Patients <18 years of age diagnosed with SCFE who underwent surgical management were included. Variables associated with contralateral SCFE were identified using multivariable logistic regression models that adjusted for patient characteristics and time of the surgical procedure, providing adjusted odds ratios (ORs). The false discovery rate was accounted for via the Benjamini-Hochberg method.Results:In this study, 15.3% of patients developed contralateral SCFE at a mean (and standard error) of 296.53 ± 17.23 days and a median of 190 days following the initial SCFE. Increased thyrotropin (OR, 1.43 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.04 to 1.97]; p = 0.022), diabetes mellitus (OR, 1.67 [95% CI, 1.22 to 2.49]; p = 0.005), severe obesity (OR, 1.81 [95% CI, 1.56 to 2.57]; p < 0.001), history of human growth hormone use (OR, 1.85 [95% CI, 1.10 to 3.38]; p = 0.032), low vitamin D (OR, 5.75 [95% CI, 2.23 to 13.83]; p < 0.001), younger age in boys (under 12 years of age: OR, 1.85 [95% CI, 1.37 to 2.43]; p < 0.001) and in girls (under 11 years of age: OR, 1.47 [95% CI, 1.05 to 2.02]; p = 0.026), and tobacco exposure (OR, 2.43 [95% CI, 1.49 to 3.87]; p < 0.001) were significantly associated with increased odds of developing contralateral SCFE.Conclusions:In the largest study on this topic, we identified the rate, odds, and risk factors associated with development of contralateral SCFE. We found younger age, hypothyroidism, severe obesity, low vitamin D, diabetes mellitus, and a history of human growth hormone use to be independent risk factors. Our findings can aid clinical decision-making in at-risk patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-524
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series A
Volume106
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2024

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