Rat intestinal alkaline phosphatase secretion into lumen and serum is coordinately regulated

R. Eliakim, A. Mahmood, D. H. Alpers

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Abstract

We have reported the presence of intestinal alkaline phosphatase on particles with surfactant-like properties within enterocytes, on the luminal surface (light mucosal scrapings) and in the lumen of adult fat-fed rat intestines ((1989) J. Clin. Invest. 84, 1355). To test the physiological role of these particles, we compared the effect on particle secretion of a known inducer of luminal and serum alkaline phosphatase secretion (fat), with the effect of pharmacological stimulators (cholecystokinin and bethanecol). Fat induced a 2-3-fold increase in membrane-free phosphatase activity in serum, and in particle-bound alkaline phosphatase activity in proximal luminal washings and light mucosal scrappings, reaching a peak in both compartments 7 h after a corn oil feed. Bethanecol given subcutaneously induced a quantitatively similar increase in serum alkaline phosphatase activity and in particle-bound phosphatase activity in proximal light mucosal scrapings, reaching a peak 7.5 min after injection. Cholecystokinin also had a 2-3-fold stimulatory effect, 30 min after injection, on particle-bound phosphatase activity in proximal intestinal light mucosal scrapings and distal intestinal luminal washings. The increase in alkaline phosphatase activity in serum samples reached a peak 60 min after cholecystokinin injection. Thus, three independent stimuli increase both luminal and serum appearance of intestinal alkaline phosphatase. These data support the earlier findings that intestinal alkaline phosphatase secretion into the lumen is mediated by a secreted particle, further show that secretion into serum and lumen is coordinately regulated, and are consistent with the hypothesis that the rise in serum alkaline phosphatase activity could be related to extracellular release of the enzyme from the particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalBBA - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1091
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 1991

Keywords

  • (Rat intestine)
  • Alkaline phosphatase
  • Bethanecol
  • Cholecystokinin
  • Gastric secretion

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