At least two forms of aryl acylamidase (E.C.22.214.171.124, AAA) were separated from rat brain extracts by ammonium sulfate precipitation (33-60% saturation) and subsequent Bio-Gel column chromatography. Fraction AAA-1 showed pH optimum at 7.5 whereas AAA-2 showed a pH optimum at 5.5 AAA-1 activity was markedly inhibited at pH 7.5 by d-LSD and 2-Br-LSD, moderately inhibited by 5-HT and slightly inhibited by tryptamine but it was not affected by 1-LSD, at 0.1 mM concentration. AAA-2 was only moderately inhibited at pH 5.5 by d-LSD and 2-Br-LSD but not affected by 1-LSD, 5-HT or tryptamine at the same concentrations. Catecholamines and their structurally related drugs had no significant effects on either enzyme activity. Kinetic studies with AAA-1 indicated competitive inhibition by d-LSD with a Ki value of 4.90 ± 0.61 μM.