No information is available on the role of non-A, non-B hepatitis in the various hepatic abnormalities described in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Of 97 patients referred with suspected non-A, non-B hepatitis, 3 were found to have antibody to the human immunodeficiency virus. These latter 3 patients all developed symptomatic cirrhosis within 3 yr of onset of hepatitis. Such a rapid progression of liver disease was rare in patients with non-A, non-B hepatitis who did not have simultaneous human immunodeficiency infection. These findings suggest that human immunodeficiency virus infection may potentiate the liver injury of chronic non-A, non-B hepatitis.