Efficient transduction of inhibitory genes is a critical requirement in the development of a gene therapy strategy against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Commonly used systems based on retrovirus-mediated gene delivery are characterized by low efficiency gene transfer into the target cell. Genes were transduced in the absence of cell selection into 60-90% of human CD4+ cells by using a novel technique that allows high efficiency gene transfer mediated by adenoviruses coupled with DNA-polylysine complexes. Protection of these cells against HIV-1 acute infection was evaluated by transducing them with three different inhibitory genes which interfere with HIV-1 replication at separate levels (polymeric Tat activation response element [TAR] decoy, dominant-negative mutant of the gag gene and antisense sequences of the gag gene) and subsequent challenging with HIV-1. The polymeric TAR decoy inhibited HIV-1 replication over 95%. Both the dominant-negative mutant and the antisense sequence of the gag gene were less potent inhibitors than the polymeric-TAR decoy. Combinations of either polymeric-TAR with dominant-negative mutant or antisense of the gag gene synergistically enhanced the inhibitory effects of the single genes. These data suggest that the combination of a highly efficient transduction technique with effective HIV-1 inhibitory genes confers rapid protection against HIV-1 acute infection in vitro.
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1994|