Autotaxin, also known as NPP2 (nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 2), is a secreted lysophospholipase-D that generates lysophosphatidic acid and thereby promotes the metastatic and invasive properties of tumor cell as well as angiogenesis. We show here that, in mice, NPP2 is cleared from the circulation within minutes and is retained by the liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs). The binding of NPP2 to isolated LSECs resulted in its degradation and could be competed for with ligands of the scavenger receptor family. Our finding that circulating NPP2 has a rapid turnover has important implications for its development as an anti-cancer target.
- Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells
- Scavenger receptor