Glioblastoma (GBM) is a disease with a poor prognosis. For decades, radiotherapy has played a critical role in the management of GBM. The standard of care radiation prescription is 60 Gy in 30 fractions, but landmark trials have historically excluded patients older than 70 years. Currently, there is considerable variation in the management of elderly patients with GBM. Shortened radiation treatment (hypofractionated) regimens have been explored since conventional treatment schedules are lengthy and many elderly patients have functional, cognitive, and social limitations. Clinical trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of hypofractionated radiotherapy (40 Gy in 15 fractions) to treat elderly or frail patients with GBM. Although previous studies have suggested these unique hypofractionation prescriptions effectively treat these patients, there are many avenues for improvement in this patient population. Herein, we describe the unique tumor biology of glioblastoma, key hypofractionated radiotherapy studies, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) studies for elderly patients with GBM. Hypofractionated radiation has emerged as a shortened alternative and retrospective studies have suggested survival outcomes are similar for elderly patients with GBM. Prospective studies comparing hypofractionation with conventional treatment regiments are warranted. In addition to evaluating survival outcomes, HRQOL endpoints should be incorporated into future studies.